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Governor's Career & Technical Academy Arlington

ITE 115: Computer Applications and Concepts


Competency List

Computer Hardware
  • Type given text using a computer keyboard without looking (touch type).
  • Define the term hardware.
  • List and describe the four main functions of computer hardware: input, processing, output, and storage.
  • Describe computer monitors in terms of size and resolution, and connect a monitor to a video port on a computer.
  • Identify and use computer input devices and connect them to the appropriate ports on a computer.
  • Identify and use computer pointing devices (mice, touchpads, and joysticks), and connect them to the appropriate ports on a computer.
  • Describe different print technologies (ink jet, laser) and connect a printer to a computer.
  • Differentiate among serial, parallel, USB, PS/2, and video ports.
  • Define the term CPU and recognize a CPU when looking at a mother board.
  • Describe the function of the motherboard.
  • Define the term expansion slot and recognize expansion slots on a motherboard.
  • Describe the processing speed / system clock speed of a computer.
  • Describe the function of the bus.
  • Define computer storage and recognize the different types of storage.
  • Describe the difference between volatile and non-volatile storage.
  • List the data storage hierachy (Bits, Bytes, Kilobytes, Megabytes, Gigabytes, and Terabytes) and be able to write the decimal value of each.
Communications Technology
  • Define telecommunication.
  • List and decribe examples of telecommunication technologies.
  • Describe LAN, WAN, and the Internet in terms of the areas over which they operate.
  • Define wireless communication and list examples of wireless technologies.
  • Describe what an Intranet is and where you would likely find one.
  • Describe the client-server model and provide examples of it in common use.
  • Describe web servers and web browsers in terms of the client-server model.
  • Define the Internet related terms: World Wide Web (WWW), Uniform Resource Locator (URL), file transfer, and remote administration.
  • Define the term web search engine and list the most commonly used search engines.
  • Send emails with attachments.
  • Correctly use To, cc, and bcc when sending email.
  • Describe blogs, wikis, RSS feeds and other Web 2.0 technologies used to communicate and collaborate.
  • Explain how to evaluate a Web site for relevancy, bias, and credibility.
  • Use a file transfer program to move files between two machines on a network.
Operating Systems
  • Define the term operating system and describe major operating system functions.
  • Compare and contrast commonly used operating systems.
  • Distinguish between system software and application software.
  • Distinguish between a command line interface (CLI) and a graphical user interface (GUI).
  • Identify and describe the parts and uses of a window in a GUI.
  • Explain the concept of disk formatting and format media of different types.
  • Demonstrate desktop management skills:
    • Use themes, screen savers, and backgrounds.
    • Use tiling and cascading of windows.
    • Use short-cuts and icons.
    • Use the task bar, quick launch, and desktop menus.
  • Demonstrate file management skills:
    • Create and recognize valid file names and directories.
    • Use find, copy, move, rename and delete files and directories.
    • Explain the deletion process and file recovery methods.
    • View and navigate the directory tree using GUI tools.
  • Use the operating system help system to find answers to questions about operations and command usage.
Ethics and Security
  • Describe legal issues regarding copyright and patent law as it relates to information and communication technology.
  • Define free software and open source software and describe the rights of the user encompassed by these.
  • Describe the issues associated with using the Web for research.
  • Define hacking and cracking and discuss the disagreement regarding the definition of hacking.
  • Define malware and be able to differentiate among computer viruses, worms, trojan horses, spyware, and adware.
  • Define denial-of-service attack and describe the basic ideas behind how one operates.
  • Define E-mail spam and discuss ways to manage it.
  • Describe how to recognize phishing attacks and avoid being the victim of them.
  • Describe codes of conduct and privacy issues associated with computing.
  • Describe accessibility issues related to computing.
  • Describe health issues related to computing.
  • Describe environmental issues related to computing.
Information Literacy
  • Construct stragies for web searches using phrases, truncation, Boolean operators, and subject terms.
  • Explain how to evaluate information found online and in library databases for reliability, validity, authority, timeliness, and point of view or bias.
Productivity Tools - Word Processing
  • Identify the main components of the word processing interface.
  • Use the Help system.
  • Perform basic editing, text formatting, move, copy and cut and paste functions.
  • Use available view modes.
  • Use essential save and backup options.
  • Use print functions.
  • Create headers and footers.
  • Use document identification features such as embedded data, time and pagination in headers and / or footers.
  • Use document style features such as font styles, sizes, color, margins, alignment, and indentation.
  • Use document context manipulation functions, such as find, search and replace, spell checker, and a grammarian.
Productivity Tools - Spreadsheets
  • Identify and explain the significant components of the spreadsheet interface.
  • Use the Help system.
  • Perform basic editing, data entry, move, copy, and cut and paste functions.
  • Perform basic insertion, deletion and modifications to at the sheet / workbook level.
  • Create and use formulas.
  • Use basic, built-in spreadsheet functions.
  • Use various addressing and referencing schemes.
  • Use essential formatting features, including data type, color, alignment, shading, and font characteristics.
  • Use print functions.
  • Perform basic data representation using graphs and charts.
Productivity Tools - Databases
  • Distinguish among file, record, field, and character.
  • Describe the purpose and uses of tables, forms, reports, and queries.
  • Use GUI based design tools for database creation and manipulation.
  • Use relational concepts such as primary and foreign keys, constraints, and referential integrity.
  • Create and use simple queries for searching and manipulating datasets.
  • Create simple reports and forms using a GUI interface, including grouping and sorting features.
Productivity Tools - Presentation Graphics
  • Describe use of presentions, including appropriate data display techniques.
  • Create and manipulate simple slide shows with outlines and notes.
  • Create slide presentation that includes text, graphics, animation, and transitions.
  • Use a design template to create a presentation.
Web Authoring and Publishing
  • Create a minimal valid HTML 5 document.
  • Create a valid HTML 5 document that contains heading elements (h1..h6).
  • Create a valid HTML 5 document that contains ordered and unordered lists.
  • Create a valid HTML 5 document that contains a link.
  • Create a valid HTML 5 document that contains a table.
  • Use the w3c syntax validator to confirm validation of a web page.
  • Insert a graphic using the img tag.
  • Create simple inline and internal styles using CSS.
  • Publish a Web page on the Internet.
Multimedia Concepts
  • Describe the difference between vector graphic and raster graphic images and the appropriate uses of each.
Software Development
  • List and describe the steps in the program development cycle.
  • Define algorithm and provide example algorithms.
  • Create a Scratch program to move an object to each of a given sequence of locations on the stage.
Specialized and Emerging Technologies
  • Define bioinformatics and list examples of its use.
  • Describe natural language processing and list examples of where it is used. Describe why effective natural language processing is a difficult challange.
  • Define expert system and list examples of where they are used.
  • Define cloud computing and explain the basic principals behind how it works.